Stem cell therapy involves taking stem cells from one area of the body and then injecting it into an injured area. Stem cells are responsible for rebuilding and regenerating the body. The underlying premise is that stem cells are in fact living cells that can transform themselves into different types of tissue or functional cell. Therefore, they are able to differentiate themselves as ligaments, tendons, bone, nerve, and cartilage.
When an injury occurs, it is the stem cells that are released and summoned by the body to rebuild damaged muscle, joints, or cartilage. By injecting these stem cells directly into the damaged area, it may assist and accelerate the body’s natural healing process.
Until recently, treatment options for osteoarthritis or joint pain were limited. Steroid injections, joint replacement surgery, and physical therapy were the only treatment options. Stem cell injections are now available and not only are they being considered in relieving pain but also in helping heal the joint.